Competence-Based Education & Training (CBET).
Home Page: www.protschool.blogspot.com/
Below: To make this more effective and Competent-Based, students are recorded doing presentations and they can look at their recording so as to see areas of improvements.
The DVD & VHS can be sent to parents, sponsors and friends.
By July 2010 this Photographic Commentaries program took a new turn for the better. The students are required to choose their 10 Best Slides and record them on a DVD ready for marketing themselves. On the DVD are Animal Identifications and Birds, too.
The light and sound has been improved a great deal, too. It is just great!
See the progressing List of our slides at the end of this page. The list is now 400.
Photos: Students doing practical presentations of Wildlife Commentaries in class and outside class.
Tanzania tourism is Wildlife-based and tour guides must be equipped with enough knowledge on our rich wildlife heritage. Traditionally and since 1995, we used the Knowledge-based lectures from the famous Pyramid of Life book by Croze; to provide our students with knowledge on Animal Behaviours. This is what gave our name a leading edge as our students/graduates were reputed in providing interesting knowledge to tourists.
But then, we realized that most of the graduates experienced problems extracting the correct information to correspond with the sightings during Game Drives. This has been a challenge and after a long time of “chewing cud” we came up with the Competent-based Photographic Commentaries.
This method was originally used by the students doing projects for their Diploma Graduation. From January 2010 it has been introduced to replace the Wildlife lectures.
We have constructed PowerPoint Presentations containing Photographs each with a corresponding commentary. (Photo). It is much easier for a student to understand what to say when he comes across a lion hunting, for example. After a month or so of trial, the Photo Commentaries has proved effective. It is now very easy for the students to talk with much easy and confidence on each photo in the presentations. It is so good that, students with a few weeks in class can say more than what a six months student could have dared say! Feedback from the recent field trip at Ngorongoro Crater and Lake Manyara National Park is that all the students were excited about recognizing most of the sightings we have covered in the first 200 slides! Older students are ready to stay longer and Graduates are planning to come back for this!
We have grouped 100 slides for each month. This can give us a clear image of the pace we are taking. This means, we will be able to study about 1200 slides in one year having covered a great area of the traditional Pyramid of Life contents.
Written Monthly Tests will be done and results published in Individual Pages in this blog along with photos taken during “Single Recording”.
To make this method more competent-based, each student is required to be recorded as he goes through each monthly group. We have nick-named this process as recording a “Single”. A student comes forward and gives commentaries as each photo comes up on the screen. (Photo). And to give this Learning Process the effect it is made for, we have developed 6 stages as follows:
Stage 1: Swahili + Photos + Text.
Stage 2: Swahili + Photos.
Stage 3: English + Photos + Text
Stage 4: English + Photos.
Stage 5: Extra Language (French, Spanish, etc.) + Photos + Text.
Stage 6: Extra Language + Photos.
These recordings are done with a Sony DVD Camera and transferred to a VHS Tape. This tape is a property of the student and he can keep it. He is encouraged to watch it as many times as possible in order polish his Knowledge and Presentation Skills. During the weekends, he can show this to his family, sponsors and friends, too. This will improve his confidence and more importantly his parents will get to recognize his efforts and therefore provide him with more financial help and moral support.
This process is still on trial and any comments and suggestions are most welcome.
Below is the Progressing list of our slides. We will keep it up to date for you to follow up.
January1. Forests: Africa’s Forest Cover
2. Hare: Large Eyes
3. Man: Tool Using; More Food & Population
4. Elephant: Good Mother & Forest Mother Preparing the way.
6. Fox: Large Ears
7. Baboon: Courtship compared to Threats
8. Gazelle: Inborn Instincts! (Machale!)
9. Buffalo:Forest compared to Grasslands Species.
10. Elephants: At Lerai Forest – Ngorongoro Crater.
11. Hippo: Common fights.
12. Duiker: Camouflage Colouration.
13. Buffalo: Mixed families & Learning Opportunities.
14. Zebra: Dusting & Modification of Habitat.
15. Elephant: Forest Mother Preparing the Way.
16. Crocodile: Good mother.
17. Elephants: Catholic tastes
18. Elephant: Modification of Habitat
19. Elephant: Walking in Single File
20. Buffalos: In Open glade.
21. Hare: Large Ears.
22. Baboon: Weapon Messages.
23. Hippo: Wet Skin.
24. Elephants: Good walkers.
25. Leopard: Big Body.
26. Lions: Hunting Cover.
27. Lions Vs Buffalo
28. Serval: Small Body but Sharp teeth.
29. Garden vs. Forest: Flow of Materials
30. Warthogs: Meeting points.
31. Lion: Eyes forward.
32. Hare: Herbivore Whiskers.
33. Impala: A Worried Mother.
34. Elephant: Dusting – insects & Modification of habitat.
35. Hippo: Wide Mouth.
36. Monkey: Mother/baby Relationship, Bond!
37. Hippo: Pool too rich.
38. Elephants: Matriarchy
39. Great Rift Valley: Size & Age.
40. Lioness: Hunting Concentration
41. Buffalo: Parasite Control.
42. Impala: Alertness
43. Elephant’s Size Lunch & Population
44. Empakaai Cater Road: We Kill What We Love!
45. Topi: Lekking Grounds.
46. Magadi: Soda lake Salts.
47. Claves: Being Young is dangerous.
48. Deaths: Let Nature do its job.
49. Vulture Landing: Savannah Signal
51. Elephants: Temperature Regulation.
52. Impala: Births in secluded places.
53. Zebra: Stripes as Camouflage
54. Hippos: Fresh Water - Time to Rejoice.
55. Baboon: Grooming for Friendship.
56. Nyala: Dewlap – Anti-predation.
57. Wildebeest: Male Rivalry.
58. Impala: Genetic Investment.
59. Widowbird: Long-tailed -Temporary Wedding Suit.
60. Hyrax: Temperature Regulation
61. Weaver: More Nests more Babies.
62. Shrew: Elephant Shrew - Good naming.
63. Buffalo Baby: Newborn Welcome.
64. Giraffes: Necking
65. Zebra: Mating - Vital Moment.
66. Topi: Dancing to Death.
67. Acacia: Whistling Thorn Acacia: Symbiosis
68. Lion: Skin parasites & Sex.
69. Impala: Clean Body
70. Aardvark: White Tail.
71. Ostrich: Ready Chicks.
72. Hyaena: Opportunistic Lifestyle.
73. Weavers: Male Builder & Female Inspector.
74. Wilddogs: Messy and Bloody Kill!
75. Lion: Different Sets of teeth.
76. Elephant: Special Nose.
77. Cheetah: Slender Body
78. Lion: Big Mane.
79. Topi: Genital smelling.
80. Cheetah: Long Tail.
81. Lion: Your Majesty, The King.
82. Baboon: Courtship through a Baby.
83. Baobab: Soft Wood
84. Widowbird: Jackson’s Widowbird - Dance test.
85. Inevitable Show-off - Perch
86. Oxpeckers: Symbiotic Cleaners.
87. Lions: Pool side wait.
88. Nyala: Male Horns vs Human Brain
90. Baboon: Pinkish Display
91. Wild-dogs: Patchwork.
92. Lion: Mating Costs Energy.
93. Jackals: My Food! No Sharing!
94. Elephants: Old Bull Elephant in the Crater.
95. Hyrax & Elephants: Closest Blood Relatives
96. Soda Lakes: Algae and Flamingo Population.
97. Hyaena: Strong Jaws and Musculature
99. Black Rhino: Ngorongoro Crater Sanctuary
100. Rhino & Ox-pecker: Symbiosis
101. Plover: Camouflaged Eggs.
102. Colobus: Naming.
103. Ostrich: Conspicuously White Eggs.
104. Wilddog: Scientific Naming & Meaning
105. Elephant: Mating season
106. Topi: Female Choose.
107. Hyaena: Opportunistic Lifestyle
108. Ostrich Eggs: Self Hatching
109. Topi: Male - a Territorial Marker.
110. Warthog: Retreat Size
111. Cheetah: Haste meals
112. Vultures: Dependence on Death.
113. Vulture: Egyptian Vulture and Tool 114. Colobus: Roar
115. Weaver: Eggs in Enclosed Nests
116. Lion: Hunting techniques!
117. Elephant: Poor Eye Sight.
118. Forest: Open Glades as Meeting Points.
119. Flamingo: Nesting Places.
120 Butterfly: Monarch Warning Colours
121. Cuckoo: Classic Nest Parasitism
122. Ostrich: Incubation Shifts.
123. Aardvark: Specialist Ant-eater
124. Cuckoo: Red-chested Cuckoo Nest Parasite.
125. Robinchat: Parasitism - Tough Job
126. Impala: Speed for Flight
127. Whydah, Pin-tailed Whydah - Watching Out!
128. Gazelles, Grant’s Gazelles - Dangerous Fights
129. Maasai Dance – Jump High, Higher, Highest!
130. Widowbird, Jackson’s Widowbird -Hide and Seek
131. Stork, Yellow-billed Stork - Dance & Environmental Calendar.
132. Waterbucks – Relationship.
133. Forest: Open Glades
134. Topi: Mating - Hurry Up!
135. Whydah, Pin-tailed Whydah – Long-tail Long Love
136. Stork, Yellow-billed Stork: Long Legs & Deep Wading.
138. Elephant Female: Catch Me if you Can!
139. Wild-dogs: Endangered Species.
140. Kudu, Greater Kudu: Scent Hormones.
141. Flies: Successful Species!
142. Grass: Texture as Environmental Calendar.
143. Zebra: Flehmen
144. Topi: Lekking Grounds.
145. Buffalo and Cattle Egret – Symbiosis?
146. Rain: Source of Life.
147. Impala Rum: Prime Time.
148. Stork, Yellow-billed Stork – Bill Clacking Courtship.
149. Wild dog Kill: Table Manners.
150. Wil Dog: Alpha Female
151. Frog: Wet nest.
152. Vultures: In nature Nothing Goes to Waste.
153. Nubian Vulture - First Openers.
154. Long Legs, Long Neck.
155. Kilimanjaro Snow Diminishing!
156. Lion Shortening Distance.
157. Baby Gazelle: Toy for Training.
158. Lion: Big Muscles.
159. Elephant: Baby Follow Nature Rules.
160. Elephant Mother Closest Teacher.
161. Fire – Modification factor.
162. Fire & Losses.
163. Great Rift valley wall – Lake Manyara.
164. Serengeti Plains.
165, Bateleur name.
166. Bongo: Early Earning System.
167. African Skimmer’s name.
168. Ostrich: Many Eggs at Nest.
169. Lerai Forest – a Living System
170. Flash Colouration.
171. Flower – As a Window.
173. Carcass: Dry Season asGenetic Filters.
174. Nubian Vulture: Bald Head Body Form and Behaviour.
175. Vultures: Dependence on Death.
176. Rock Hyraxes – Sleeping in Piles
177. Serengeti Plains - Fertile soil
178. Hippo pool: Definition of the Ecosystem.
179. Fire for Instant food. BBQ
180. Ostrich: Major Hen & her own Eggs.
181. Sacrifice for Reproduction.
182. Hippo, Water and Safety.
183. Fight for Chicks
184. Black Rhino, a Browser.
185. Wildebeest in the Crater Ecosystem.
186. Giraffe: Long Neck – C-7
187. Ostrich - Spreading the Genetic Word
188. American Pitcher Plant: Defying the Flow of Energy.
190. Many Decomposers
191. Honey Badger: Honey Hunters
192. Hippos Mating in water.
193. Remarkable Termite Nymphs – any caste.
194. Lake Manyara Tree Climbing Lions.
195. Chameleon: Surprise!
196. Zebra Stripes: Black on White.
197. Vultures: Cleaners – diseases.
198. Orchid vs Wasp: False pretences.
200. Giraffe: Neck Valves.
March 201. Termite: Queen - Egg factory
201a Termite:King’s Role 201.
202. Milkweed: Dead Sea Fruit - Transport in Plants.
203. Hyaena: Siblings Rivalry
204. Thomson’s Gazelle: Harem.
205. Cheetah: Challenge in raising cubs
206. Butterfly: Mimicry
207. Chameleon: A Little Force Does it!.
208. Oryx: In Dry areas.
209. Man: Fire for cooking.
210. Cheetah: Small Head – Small Prey.
211. Fishers: Different eaters & Sustainable different tools.
212. Flight & Airfoil.
213. Leopard: Prince of Darkness
214. Rhino, Black Rhino: Short Social Season.
215. Rhino: Black Rhino – Endangered Species.
216. Elephant: Tusks - Left handed.
217. Jackal: Prey are made to run!
218. Termites: Division of Labour.
219. Rhino: Black Rhino - Solitary & use of Horns.
220. Heron: Body Form & Behaviour.
221. Empakaai Crater: Fertile Soda Lakes.
222. Ferns: Incest Control.
223. Lions: Land Ownership & Protection Money
224. Rhino: Black Rhino - Solitary & Food.
225. Jacana: African Jacana: Polyandry
226. Cheetah: Baby camouflage.
227. Vultures: Important Link to Lions
228. Lion:Youngsters: Practice for Perfection.
228. Youngsters: Practice for Perfection.
229. Migration: Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem.
230. Baboon Mating: Training? Practice?
231. Grass: Successful Species.
232. Baobab: The Legend.
233. Monarch Butterfly Larva: Thick, Bitter & Trick.
234. Flamingo: Specialist & Filtering Mechanism.
235. Carnivores: Different Lifestyles.
236. Oldoinyo L’Engai: Active Volcano
237. Fish Eagle: Gone Fishing.
238. Impala: Modest Migration.
239. Elephant: Babies & Learning.
240. Tilapia: A Place to Mate.
241. Dung Beetle: Important Member of the Ecosystem.
242. Pelican: Pouch fishing
243. Bongo: Forest species - Shy & Scattered Lifestyles.
244. Lion: Sleeping Giant! Let the Sleeping Lion Lie!
245. Chameleon: Fully Developed Babies.
246. Cheetah: Species Integrity.
247. Sun – Source of Energy.
248. Spider, Web-Spider: The Trapper.
249. Spider: Web-Spider - Nocturnal Lifestyle.
250. Elephant: Ears Cooling Devises.
251. Lions Mating. The Need.
252. Baboons: Male Meat Eaters.
252. Baboon: Male Meat eaters.
253. Impala: Territorial Duties & Energy.
254. Giraffes: Ecotypes.
255. Lion: Whiskers identification.
256. Monkeys: Vocabulary.
257. Impala: Males - Need to Cheat Females.
258. Buffalo: Mixed families like Human Societies.
259. Pelicans: Fishing Techniques.
260. Buffalo: Water needs
261. Hyaena: Water Fondness
262. Baboon: Grooming Glue.263. Gazelles: – Identification marks.
264. Grassland:Pastures - Weed vs Grass.
265. Impala: Thick neck for Fighting.
266. Tarangire River: Lifeline of the Park
267. Lions: Mane & Hunting.
268. Impala: Female & The Need
269. Impala: Time to join the group
270. Hippo: Beware - I’m Coming OUT!
271. Impala: Being a Juvenile is Challenging.
272. Flies: Decomposers Less Energy - Less lifespan.
273. Acacia: Floods and Osmosis
274. Vultures at Carcass: How Social?
275. Buffalo: Social Signals.
276. Lionesses: Blood Relatives.
277. Hyaena: Strict Territorial.
278. Savanna: Vegetation Zones
279. Acacia: Perfect Adaptation.
280. Lions: Forced Sociability
281. Acacia: Tree-Herbivore Relationship.
282. Impala: Jacobson’s Organ and Flehmen.
283. Flamingo: Specialization & Problem Solving.
284. Flamingo: Marvelous Filtering Mechanism.
285. Baboon Baby: Primate’s Training Needs.
286. Lions: Territorial Patrol.
287. Flamingo: Waves Solution
288. Acacia: Social Intercourse.
289. Zebra: Mother/Baby closeness
289. Elephant Trunk: Hand of Wonder.
290. Zebra: Stallion – Committed Father.
291.Flamingo: Daily harvest.
292. Lioness: - Tough time.
293. Wild Dogs: Regurgitation.
294. Giraffe: Thorn Specialist.
295. Kopjes – Granite Rocks.
295. Hippo: Permanent Pool
296. Giraffe: Visual Advantage.
297. Elephant: Sets of Teeth.
298. Vultures: Competition & Species.
299. Baby Synchrony as Anti-predation
300. Dung Beetle: The Masters.
301. Baobab’s Hole: Elephant’s Job.
302. Wildebeests & Zebra: Together We Migrate.
303. Forest Former Continuity.
304. Bushmen: Integrated People.
305. Cormorants: Fishing Techniques – Aliye Chini…Mfuate Huko.
306. Pelicans: Hungry Eggs.
307. Zebra: Camouflage Colouration.
308. Forest: Too Dry to Survive.
309. Afterbirth: Getting Rid of Evidence.
310. Mother Hoopoe: Tough Job.
311. Tapetum: Lights in the dark.
312. Cheetah’s Heart: Made to Run
313. Warthog: Effective Diggers.
315. Single Mothers: Females, Babies & Lactation.
316. Lion Killing Impala: Lucky Catch.
317. Cheetah Brothers: Coalition
318. Cactus: Plants are Intelligent.
319. Hippo & Croco – Let’s Call it a Truce!
320. Acacia: Fever Tree.
321. Chameleon: perfect Camouflage.
322. Leopard: Fiercely Territorial.
323: Zebra: Useful teeth.
324. Ngorongoro Crater Wildebeests
324. Ngorongoro Crater Wildebeests: True Residents.
325. African Fish Eagle - Bachelor’s Land.
326. Forest: A Sponge.
327. Forest: Own Rain Maker.
329. Forest: Link to Grassland Ecosystem
330. Serengeti – a Rich Ecosystem
331. Grassland: Rapid Conversion of Materials.
332. Weavers: Nests are Specie-specific.
333. Lioness: Huge sexual Appetite.
334. Hyaena: Territorial Marking.
335. Wildebeest: Birth in Open Places.
336. Chameleon: Single & Scattered.
337. Tree Hyrax: Sticky Fingers
338. Ferns: Not yet flowers